Session 4 Response to Prompts

In this week, we had an opportunity to develop 11 steps of instructional design with my group. First, I thought that group work would be not easy because ETEC541 class is fully online class. However, we could work toward our goal actively under Mathew’s(primary contact person) leadership. We primarily contacted via email, Trello, and Skype. I discovered Trello web site from the team leader, this web site is really useful when people do group project because all members can check such as “what is plan, what we should do next step, what we are done”. Our team member is four and we divided into four part from 11 steps. All members were cooperative and participated actively, therefore we could finish our project successfully.

After synchronous meeting with Dr.Newberry, we decided “Mathew” as a primary contact member. And he emailed to us with attachments; document file which is summarized synchronous meeting(Jan.28), Trello URL, plans. I read email, joined Trello, and read materials Dr.Newberry provided and text book. And we had a Skype meeting on time. We supported one another when someone needed help. And I completed questions Friday night by referring class materials, textbook, and information from internet.

This is our Trello board.


My thought regarding instructional design so far, in fact, I am still unfamiliar with instructional design because I had never designed instruction in the past. However, I am learning about instructional design by studying step by step. I believe that in order to plan instructional design, these 11 steps are significantly important and I realized that all educations that I have taken so far are made through the process of instructional design. The textbook for ETEC541 provides us with 11 steps which instructor or instructional designer design a course quickly and reliably;

1)Identify your underlying goal

2)Analyze learners’ needs and abilities

3)Identify what to teach

4)Set learning objectives

5)Identify prerequisites

6)Pick the approach to meet each objective

7)Decide the teaching sequence of your objectives

8)Create objects to accomplish objectives

9)Create tests

10)Select learning activities

11)Choose Media

I think that each steps are all important processes. If the instructor do not analyze or decide carelessly, optimal education could not be delivered to learners. Rowland and Divasto (2013) states that “well executed, ID can be a reliable means of creating effective instruction, effective in the sense of helping groups of people achieve mastery of predetermined learning objectives and improve their workplace performance.” (p.10) Also, “several experts highlighted nine central features of ID: 1) systemic nature, 2) decisions based on clearly articulated learning goals, and 3) iterations of testing and revision. Also felt to be important were 4) thorough analysis, 5) clear links between learning goals and instructional strategies, and 6) conditions and/or instructional strategies can be prescribed based on known effects. The three remaining features– 7) systematic process, 8) replicable product, and 9) decisions based on empirical research–received mixed support. Several experts indicated some concern that while two features were important–thorough analysis, and iterations of testing and revision–they were not emphasized in practice.”(p.16) Instructional designer and instructor should have to consider all processes elaborately, also consider learner, instructor, environment, class contents, media in many ways. 11 steps are essential and when it were designed well, as Rowland and Divasto mentioned above, instructor could expect students’ successful outcomes and performance and deliver high quality education.


Rowland, G., & Divasto, T. (2013). Instructional design and powerful learning. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 26(2), 9-42

Martinez, T. R., Cummins, P., Savenye, W., & Shewell, J. (2012). E-learning as a core component of the instructional design profession. International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, 5(3), 37-42


2 thoughts on “Session 4 Response to Prompts

  1. Kang,
    Good job on your post. I was (and still am) a little unsure if the design steps work for me. I like that you accessed other resources to add some clarity to your information. Thanks for the excellent post.

    1. Hi Bruce,
      I also still don’t know well this 11 step does not work for me or not. I think it is because of I am novice in instructional design. If time is passed and I have some experiences in instructional design field, I could notice or find more proper design steps for me later. Thus, for now, I am just trying to understand and practice instructional design steps. Thank you for reading my post and thank you for uploading great posts every week!

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